Some of the most common triggers of a panic attack involve everyday situations such as the fear of boarding a flight, getting into a lift or traveling in public transport. Being in a crowded room could also trigger a panic attack. While most people in such a situation and having a panic disorder may feel a sense of discomfort and nausea, some may experience a heightened sense of dread. Besides the physical symptoms such as palpitations, tense muscles and profuse sweating, an individual may also begin feeling unsafe though there may be no actual reason to do so.
As a result, such individuals often try to avoid facing situations that could act as triggers. This could result in them indulging in avoidance strategies and so miss being part of significant social functions such as the graduation ceremony of a child or a marriage. Their excessive worry or fear may also isolate them from others who are not able to understand their problem.
The American Psychological Association estimates that one in every 75 people may experience a panic disorder, a serious and extremely debilitating condition that could severely affect the personal and professional life of a person. While the specific causes of a panic attack are unknown, it’s believed that certain big life changes, such as those from college to school, marriage and the arrival of a new born could cause a panic attack. These transitions may result in a sudden hormonal upsurge. In certain people, the dangers are exacerbated because of a genetic predisposition to anxiety disorder. During some panic attacks, a individual could re-visit a past injury.
Feeling trapped and how that triggers a panic attack
Some panic attacks can make an individual feel trapped or can be caused by someone feeling that they are trapped. Some of the most common causes are:
Irrational fear of planes: In the world today, when people are increasingly relying on interconnectivity, the fear of planes can be disadvantageous. A person may refuse to take food or use the toilet in a flight, and at times become aggressive and scream.
Afraid of a collapse: The fear of heights can deter people from climbing escalators or carrying an apartment in a tall building. They may avoid adventure activities fearing they may fall into departure. Even driving over a water body could activate a profound sense of fear.
Fear of insects: Most insects are harmless and do not attack unless they’re harmed first. But that does not prevent people from feeling afraid of them. The unexplained fear of spiders is one such instance and is rather common. Some may also believe that a bug bite will inevitably result in an infection or a fatal disease, which can intensify their nervousness.
Road to recovery
Anxiety disorders such as frequent panic attacks are treatable if a professional’s advice is sought in time. Delaying the problem doesn’t always mean it will subside by itself. If you understand that you tend to get unreasonably worried or fearful of people and situations, you should consult a mental health expert at the earliest. The most common treatment modalities are aimed at activate prevention and activate acceptance. Regular physical exercise, mind-calming activities and a healthy lifestyle can help a great extent in controlling panic attacks.